Sunday February 28, 2016
- As UK
nurse is admitted in hospital for the third time, a call
to be done to address the trauma and medical
conditions of Ebola Virus Disease survivors.
brave UK nurse and Ebola Virus Disease survivor Pauline Cafferkey has again been admitted into hospital
has got the medical and health care community into an
overdrive on how much is really known about the
devastating disease and its effects even after it fails
to squeeze the life out of those infected.
The UK-based Guardian news outlet in a
nurse Pauline Cafferkey transferred to Royal Free
Hospital" noted -
"Pauline Cafferkey, the British nurse who contracted
Ebola in west Africa in 2014 , is being transferred to
the specialist unit at the Royal Free hospital in London
for the third time since her return to the UK.
Cafferkey, 39, who is said to be in a stable condition,
was initially admitted to Glasgow’s Queen Elizabeth
University hospital and on Tuesday afternoon an RAF
aircraft landed at Glasgow airport to transport her to
A spokesman for the Royal Free said: “We can confirm
that Pauline Cafferkey is being transferred to the Royal
Free hospital due to a late complication from her
previous infection by the Ebola virus. She will now be
treated by the hospital’s infectious diseases team under
nationally agreed guidelines.
“The Ebola virus can only be transmitted by direct
contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected
person while they are symptomatic, so the risk to the
general public remains low and the NHS has
well-established and practised infection control
procedures in place.”
Cafferkey, 39, was infected while working with victims
of the virus in Sierra Leone in December 2014. She spent
almost a month in an isolation unit at the Royal Free,
where she was treated with a survivor’s plasma and an
experimental antiviral drug.
She fell ill again in October last year and was
readmitted to the same hospital with meningitis caused
by the lingering virus. After coming close to dying, she
was discharged in November and transferred to Glasgow’s
Queen Elizabeth University hospital to continue her
recovery before returning home."
Another international broadcaster that
reported the ravages of the disease in the most affected
countries of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone,
the BBC made this
observation that should be taken very seriously by all
the countries concerned, especially Sierra Leone where
funds allocated in the fight against the disease were
stolen by corrupt officials who still have to pay back
the stolen monies, never mind the fact that the state
looters were been protected by State House.
State House has become an institution
that has usurped and compromised the functions of
Parliament, the Judiciary and law enforcement agencies
including the police and the much-hyped but worth for
nothing Anti Corruption Commission headed by another of
the the rat's cronies, one Joseph Fitzgerald Kamara who
recently got appointed by his master to be his
"The nurse, from Halfway, Cambuslang, contracted the
virus while working as part of a British team at the
Kerry Town Ebola treatment centre.
She spent almost a month in isolation at the Royal Free
at the beginning of 2015 after the virus was detected
when she arrived back in the UK.
Ms Cafferkey was later discharged after apparently
making a full recovery, and in March 2015 returned to
work as a public health nurse at Blantyre Health Centre
in South Lanarkshire.
In October last year it was discovered that Ebola was
still present in her body, with health officials later
confirming she had been diagnosed with meningitis caused
by the virus."
Another UK-based news outlet,
the Independent has
this report which should be of great concern to all
those health care delivery systems in Sierra Leone. It
is the continuing story of a treacherous and vicious
disease that will do all it can to stay in the tissues
of the affected. That even while health officials
celebrate and declare victims free of the disease, the
roaring deceitful and evil beast still thrives in hidden
pockets that the victim's immune system cannot reach.
"Ebola can stay buried in survivors’ tissue meaning
that its effects could continue long after people have
apparently recovered, experts have said. And while there
is no reason to worry about a return of the virus in the
UK, its persistence could be a way that it will flare
back up again.
Pauline Cafferkey, who became known as the “Ebola nurse”
after she received treatment for the deadly virus
earlier this year, has gone back into hospital for
treatment for the third time. And it appears that having
lasting effects long after apparent recovery, even
though it doesn’t mean that people can catch it twice.
The re-emergence of problems appears to be because the
disease is hanging around in hard-to-reach areas of the
body, according to experts.
That means the risk of
transmission is low, but there is a “risk that further
outbreaks can be triggered”, according to experts.
Scientists are still not entirely sure about what the
long-term effects of Ebola are.
"It seems that some of the ongoing health problems with
people's eyes, joints and hair loss are actually caused
not by the after-effects of Ebola, but by the small
amounts of Ebola which is still residing somewhere in
the body," Dr Ben Neuman, a virologist at the University
of Reading, told BBC Radio Scotland.
"It's surprising and we're just learning how to deal
Two new studies
have shown why those who are reported to have recovered
from the ravages of the disease need support to ease
their suffering, agony and trauma.
"The scientists found that 68% of EVD survivors said they
had neurologic problems, 60% reported eye difficulties,
and 53% experienced musculoskeletal problems.
Close contacts also reported neurologic and
musculoskeletal problems, but less commonly: 48% and
Close contacts, however, reported
vision problems at about the same rate: 59%. This group
was potentially exposed to the virus but did not become
The investigators also noted that 38% of 79 male
survivors had Ebola detected in their semen at least
once, and a third of the 69 who were tested more than
once had intermittent findings (negative results then
positive, or vice versa).
One recovered EVD patient had
Ebola virus detected in his semen after 18 months.
The EID study, meanwhile, found musculoskeletal problems
and headaches the most common manifestations in EVD
survivors. It involved 44 patients who were treated at a
UK military hospital in Freetown, Sierra Leone.
The patients ranged in age from 8 to 70 years, with a
median age of 25. Of the 44 patients, 31 (70%) reported
musculoskeletal complications, 21 (48%) experienced
headaches, and 6 (14%) had eye problems.
The next most common complications were coughing in 5
survivors and chest pain, abdominal pain, and itching,
each reported in 4 survivors.
This bit from the report highlights
the double trouble facing survivors and we would once
again want to highlight the plight of survivors.
"One of the patients, a 25-year-old man, died 1 month
after recovering from EVD. He developed deteriorating
respiratory symptoms and fluid buildup around one lung
about 3 weeks after being discharged.
The authors conclude, "We can expect some survivors to
have long-term clinical needs. The epidemic is waning
but the effects of the disease it caused will remain."
In an article titled - "Remembering
the survivors, post-ebola" - we have this
grim reminder of the urgent work that still needs to be
done - support for the survivors of the malevolent Ebola
"With the news of Ebola nurse Pauline Cafferkey’s
readmission to hospital, the forgotten crisis of a
foreign disease is brought right back into public
The involvement of a British citizen in
another country’s problem reminds us of its existence,
and through this tangible link we can engage with it
We might remember the fundraising campaigns,
from the likes of Doctors Without Borders or Save the
Children, and the ten pounds we donated to the Ebola
We might remember the cumbersome yellow suits and
alien masks worn by aid workers and medical
professionals, the farcical visual of care for the
victims of this most serious disease.
Yet it is unlikely
that we remember the people in West Africa who lived
through the Ebola crisis and survived to tell the tale,
outliving children and friends and losing their
possessions to government confiscations and burning.
the disease continues to affect Pauline Cafferkey, so
too does it continue to affect the men, women and
children of Sierra Leone. The list of problems that remain,
‘post-Ebola’, could go on. APT is taking the following
three steps to help survivors continue in the face of
their unimaginable struggles:
1.Rebuilding livelihoods by delivering sustainable
social livelihood support services to 1,500 vulnerable
families and 1,000 young people through 12 community
based organisations. This will increase the incomes of
1,000 families and 800 young people by at least 70% and
improve their access to basic needs and life
2.Improving the ability of women, youths and disabled
people to exercise their human rights through increased
awareness of entitlement and advocacy amongst
themselves, their families, communities and
institutions. This will lead to their more effective
inclusion in decision-making, improved participation in
socio-economic activities and a reduction in
3.Improving access to safe water and sanitation through
increased knowledge of good sanitation practices, better
facilities and safe drinking water in 12 communities,
impacting approximately 12,000 people. This will
contribute to the reduction of diarrhoea and water borne
diseases, which can be deadly for immune systems
weakened by Ebola.
As we wish Pauline Cafferkey a speedy recovery for the
third time, let us remember the people in Sierra Leone
who are still living with the effects of Ebola and those
who are continuing to survive through many layers of
We note that other voices of concern
are now been raised over the thieving of funds meant for
the battle against the Ebola Virus Disease after the
Auditor General published a second report on the rampant
thieving that saw beasts in human form rejoicing over
the spread of the disease as funds were allocated to the
gang of looters of state and other funds directed from
the bowels of State House.
The report is titled "Phase
2 Report on the Audit of the Management of the Ebola
Funds" and makes a sad reading.
We have been vindicated again as the
report shows that despite the compromised and weak
Parliament requesting the return of stolen funds, no one
has heeded the call.
Defaulting contractors and others in
the thieving ring would have been assured by the rat at
State House that nothing would come out of the Auditor
Now you know that we were right when
we stated that the rat is in control of all those
disbursements. He decides who gets the various contracts
and who should get what amount while those feeding fat
from his droppings continue to turn a blind eye to the
massive thieving by operatives of the uncaring cabal
passing for a government in our beloved country.
In a headline "Sierra
Leone government has failed to recover millions of
stolen Ebola funds", the Sierra Leone
Telegraph had these opening lines -
"Eight months ago – June 2015, the
parliament of Sierra Leone published the long awaited
parliamentary committee report into the stolen $14
million Ebola funds, uncovered by an investigation
conducted by the country’s Auditor General.
Though the committee report was
described by many Sierra Leoneans as a State House
cover-up, yet its recommendations called for millions of
dollars to be paid back to the State by those held
accountable by the Auditor General for the missing
funds. In particular, the parliamentary committee called
for significant policy changes in the management and
control of public funds, as well as the rigorous
implementation of the public procurement regulations by
the Ebola Response Centre and the ministry of health.
The report also highlighted serious
failings by the country’s national revenue authority
(NRA) in ensuring that millions of dollars in taxes were
paid by contractors delivering services and supplying
goods to the Ebola Response Centre and the ministry of